An extraction is the process of removing a tooth from its socket in the bone. A tooth extraction is usually relatively straightforward, and can most often be performed quickly and while the patient is awake. Local anesthetic injections can be utilized to help manage pain.
Reasons for extraction
- Infection: If decay inside a tooth reaches the pulp – which is the center of the tooth that contains all the blood vessels and nerves – bacteria can then enter the pulp and can cause a terrible infection. This can usually be taken care of by receiving root canal therapy. However, sometimes the infection is too severe, or a root canal therapy does not cure it. In these cases, extraction can be the only way to stop the spread of the infection.
- Crowding: Sometimes, in preparation for braces, a tooth will need to be pulled. Your braces may not work correctly if your teeth are too large for your mouth.
- Periodontal (Gum) Disease: If gum disease, which is an infection of the soft tissues of the mouth, has caused significant loosening of your tooth, it may need to be taken out completely.